06 July, 2006

42. God-fearing Communists?

To many of the secular left, this image would seem to contain a massive contradiction – a Christian shrine at a Communist party headquarters? Who could be more determinedly godless than the Communists?

It was the 'godlessness' of the Communist movement that provoked the United States government – at the height of its anti-communist paranoia in the Eisenhower-led 1950s – to allow religious fundamentalists to insert the words "…under God" after the words "one nation" in the Pledge of Allegiance, and to add the words "In God we Trust" to every denomination of the dollar bill. Formally declaring their country to be a Christian nation, even if it meant surreptitiously undermining the world's first and best secular constitution, was seen by many frightened Americans to be their only defence against the godless hoardes of Communists supposedly springing up in their midsts.

But in most of Europe the idea of the separation of church and state has never been as strong as it was among the founding fathers of the United States. For instance, the constitutional head of Great Britain, Queen Elizabeth, is also (thanks to her predecessor, Henry VIII) head of the Church of England. The co-mingling of the spiritual and the temporal is particularly true in Italy, where the Pope was for centuries not just a religious leader, but also commanded armies and the church's own secret police, who were not just Inquisitors but also judges and executioners.

The Partito Rifondazione Comunista is also not what you'd call a hardline orthodox Marxist-Leninist party either. As the Soviet Union lost its international influence, many parties of the radical left in Europe – like this one – grouped around the idea of 'Eurocommunism', which made them look more like Social Democrats with a few retained 'communist' elements in their platform.

This overt display of Christian allegiance on the outside or this 'Refounded' Communist Party branch building in Castello is one of many hundreds of similar such shrines on buildings all over Venice, so it is as much part of the general cultural heritage as it would be a statement of the religious affiliation of the party members who meet here. I am quite sure that the probability of Communist Party meetings inside starting with a prayer is much lower than it would be at any Republican or even Democratic Party meeting in the much more fundamentally religious USA.

4 Comments:

Blogger ninest123 said...

air max, sac longchamp, ray ban sunglasses, longchamp pas cher, ugg boots, ray ban sunglasses, nike free, oakley sunglasses, nike free, chanel handbags, cheap oakley sunglasses, nike outlet, louboutin, longchamp, nike roshe run, air jordan pas cher, tiffany jewelry, longchamp outlet, longchamp outlet, michael kors, prada outlet, louis vuitton outlet, louboutin outlet, louis vuitton, uggs on sale, ugg boots, louis vuitton, polo ralph lauren outlet, oakley sunglasses, louis vuitton, kate spade outlet, louboutin pas cher, polo ralph lauren outlet, tory burch outlet, tiffany and co, oakley sunglasses, ray ban sunglasses, ralph lauren pas cher, christian louboutin outlet, nike air max, nike air max, louboutin shoes, replica watches, jordan shoes, oakley sunglasses, gucci outlet, prada handbags, burberry, replica watches, louis vuitton outlet

July 09, 2016 12:41 PM  
Blogger ninest123 said...

ray ban uk, vanessa bruno, sac guess, air force, tn pas cher, coach outlet, michael kors, burberry outlet online, nike blazer, lululemon, vans pas cher, mulberry, michael kors, burberry, nike free run uk, nike roshe, ray ban pas cher, michael kors outlet, hollister pas cher, hollister, north face, hermes, new balance pas cher, coach purses, true religion outlet, nike air max, replica handbags, ugg boots, michael kors outlet, hogan, nike air max, true religion jeans, abercrombie and fitch, kate spade handbags, lacoste pas cher, true religion jeans, michael kors outlet, converse pas cher, coach outlet, timberland, nike air max, michael kors, ugg boots, michael kors outlet, true religion jeans, north face, michael kors, ralph lauren uk, oakley pas cher, michael kors outlet

July 09, 2016 12:44 PM  
Blogger ninest123 said...

wedding dresses, giuseppe zanotti, instyler, mont blanc, converse outlet, longchamp, babyliss, north face outlet, north face outlet, insanity workout, gucci, vans, hollister, asics running shoes, chi flat iron, ralph lauren, baseball bats, bottega veneta, timberland boots, mac cosmetics, valentino shoes, abercrombie and fitch, mcm handbags, hollister, lululemon, nike air max, hollister, celine handbags, herve leger, ghd, louboutin, soccer jerseys, p90x workout, beats by dre, vans shoes, ray ban, nike air max, nike trainers, new balance, ferragamo shoes, nike huarache, reebok shoes, lancel, nfl jerseys, nike roshe, oakley, iphone cases, jimmy choo shoes, birkin bag, soccer shoes

July 09, 2016 12:48 PM  
Blogger ninest123 said...

bottes ugg, ugg pas cher, louis vuitton, pandora jewelry, moncler, moncler, doudoune canada goose, replica watches, louis vuitton, moncler, juicy couture outlet, moncler, juicy couture outlet, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, canada goose, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, pandora charms, canada goose, links of london, canada goose outlet, pandora charms, canada goose uk, canada goose, marc jacobs, moncler, wedding dresses, louis vuitton, canada goose outlet, karen millen, louis vuitton, moncler outlet, sac louis vuitton pas cher, coach outlet, moncler, swarovski, ugg boots uk, toms shoes, moncler, pandora jewelry, canada goose, montre pas cher, thomas sabo, supra shoes, hollister, swarovski crystal

July 09, 2016 12:55 PM  

Post a Comment

<< Home